What is Heel Pain?
After putting weight on your feet from walking, running, and jumping for many years, nerves and tissues in the heel can experience unfavorable sensations. Heel pain can occur as either acute or chronic pain on the back or the underside of the heel. You may overlook a sore heel, but unless you get proper treatment or rest, the pain will only increase. This pain can hinder your ability to engage in physical activities and significantly affect your overall functioning. You must see a doctor if pain becomes severe or swelling occurs.
What causes Heel Pain?
Pain on the back of the heel
Pain experienced behind the heel happens from excessive running or from wearing shoes that dig into the back of the heel. This pain may worsen gradually over time, resulting in swelling, redness, or thickened skin on the back of the heel. This pain is at the junction of the Achilles tendon into the heel bone. Depending on the severity and location, a doctor may diagnose you with a ruptured Achilles tendon or Achilles tendonitis.
Pain on the underside of the heel
Plantar fasciitis occurs due to excessive running or jumping which causes inflammation in the area where the heel bone connects to the toes. Pain in this area may be relieved after rest but quickly reoccur after standing and putting weight on the bottom of the foot. Untreated plantar fasciitis can lead to a heel spur in which a calcium deposit builds up on the tissue band that bridges the heel to the toes.